Filip Cano Córdoba

About me

I am a PhD student in the Institute of Applied Information Processing and Communications (IAIK by its German initials) at the Graz University of Technology.
I use formal methods to develop trust in AI. I am particularly interested in accountability of AI systems and also in runtime verification and enforcement of safety-critical properties.
I received my MSc degree in Advanced Mathematics and Mathematical Engineering from BarcelonaTech in 2019.

Selected publications

Analyzing Intentional Behavior in Autonomous Agents under Uncertainty
Cano Córdoba, F., Judson, S., Antonopoulos, T., Bjørner, K., Shoemaker, N., Shapiro, S. J., Piscak, R. & Könighofer, B.
International Joint Conference of Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI) 2023.

Abstract: Principled accountability for autonomous decision-making in uncertain environments requires distinguishing intentional outcomes from negligent designs from actual accidents. We propose analyzing the behavior of autonomous agents through a quantitative measure of the evidence of intentional behavior. We model an uncertain environment as a Markov Decision Process (MDP). For a given scenario, we rely on probabilistic model checking to compute the ability of the agent to influence reaching a certain event. We call this the scope of agency. We say that there is evidence of intentional behavior if the scope of agency is high and the decisions of the agent are close to being optimal for reaching the event. Our method applies counterfactual reasoning to automatically generate relevant scenarios that can be analyzed to increase the confidence of our assessment. In a case study, we show how our method can distinguish between 'intentional' and 'accidental' traffic collisions.

  title={Analyzing Intentional Behavior in Autonomous Agents under Uncertainty},
  author={Cano C{\'o}rdoba, Filip and Judson, Samuel and Antonopoulos, Timos and Bj{\o}rner, Katrine and Shoemaker, Nicholas and Shapiro, Scott J and Piskac, Ruzica and K{\"o}nighofer, Bettina},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Thirty-Second International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, {IJCAI} 2023},

Safety Shielding under Delayed Observation
Cano Córdoba, F., Palmisano, A., Fränzle, M., Bloem, R., & Könighofer, B.
International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling (ICAPS) 2023.

Abstract: Agents operating in physical environments need to be able to handle delays in the input and output signals since neither data transmission nor sensing or actuating the environment are instantaneous. Shields are correct-by-construction runtime enforcers that guarantee safe execution by correcting any action that may cause a violation of a formal safety specification. Besides providing safety guarantees, shields should interfere minimally with the agent. Therefore, shields should pick the safe corrective actions in such a way that future interferences are most likely minimized. Current shielding approaches do not consider possible delays in the input signals in their safety analyses. In this paper, we address this issue. We propose synthesis algorithms to compute delay-resilient shields that guarantee safety under worst-case assumptions on the delays of the input signals. We also introduce novel heuristics for deciding between multiple corrective actions, designed to minimize future shield interferences caused by delays. As a further contribution, we present the first integration of shields in a realistic driving simulator. We implemented our delayed shields in the driving simulator Carla. We shield potentially unsafe autonomous driving agents in different safety-critical scenarios and show the effect of delays on the safety analysis.

  title={Safety Shielding under Delayed Observation}, 
  author={Cano Córdoba, Filip and Palmisano, Alexander and Fränzle, Martin and Bloem, Roderick and Könighofer, Bettina}, 
  journal={Proceedings of the International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling}, 

Formal XAI via Syntax-Guided Synthesis
Bjørner, K., Judson, S., Cano, F., Goldman, D. , Shoemaker, N., Piscak, R. & Könighofer, B.
Bridging the Gap Between AI and Reality (AISoLA) 2023.

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a novel application of syntax-guided synthesis to find symbolic representations of a model’s decision-making process, designed for easy comprehension and validation by humans. Our approach takes input-output samples from complex machine learning models, such as deep neural networks, and automatically derives interpretable mimic programs. A mimic program precisely imitates the behavior of an opaque model over the provided data. We discuss various types of grammars that are well-suited for computing mimic programs for tabular and image input data. Our experiments demonstrate the potential of the proposed method: wesuccessfully synthesized mimic programs for neural networks trained on the MNIST and the Pima Indians diabetes data sets. All experiments were performed using the SMT-based cvc5 synthesis tool.

  title={Formal XAI via Syntax-Guided Synthesis},
  author={Bj{\o}rner, Katrine and Judson, Samuel and Cano, Filip and Goldman, Drew and Shoemaker, Nick and Piskac, Ruzica and K{\"o}nighofer, Bettina},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of {AISoLA} 2023},